必威体育官网入口I have been consistently opposed to feeding a baby regularly. As a doctor, mother and scientist in child development I believe there is nothing to recommend it, from the baby’s point of view.
必威体育官网入口Mothers, doctors and nurse alike have no idea of where a baby’s blood sugar level lies. All we know is that a low level is harmful to brain development and makes a baby easily annoyed. In this state, the baby is difficult to calm down and sleep is impossible. The baby asks for attention by crying and searching for food with its mouth.
It is not just unkind but also dangerous to say a four-hourly feeding schedule will make a baby satisfied. The first of the experts to advocate a strict clock-watching schedule was Dr Frederic Truby King who was against feeding in the night. I’ve never heard anything so ridiculous. Baby feeding shouldn’t follow a timetable set by the mum. What is important is feeding a baby in the best way, though it may cause some inconvenience in the first few weeks.
必威体育官网入口Well, at last we have copper-bottomed research that supports demand feeding and points out the weaknesses of strictly timed feeding. The research finds out that babies who are fed on demand do better at school at age 5, 7, 11 and 14, than babies fed according to the clock. By the age of 8, their IQ (智商) scores are four to five percent higher than babies fed by a rigid timetable. This research comes from Oxford and Essex University using a sample (样本) of 10,419 children born in the early 1990s, taking account of parental education, family income, a child’s sex and age, the mother’s health and feeding style. These results don’t surprise me. Feeding according to schedule runs the risk of harming the rapidly growing brain by taking no account of sinking blood sugar levels.
I hope this research will put an end to advocating strictly timed baby feeding practices.
1. According to Paragraph 2, one reason why a baby cries is that it feels ______.
必威体育官网入口A. sick B. upset C. sleepy D. hungry
必威体育官网入口2. What does the author think about Dr King?
A. He is strict B. He is unkind.
C. He has the wrong idea. D. He sets a timetable for mothers.
3. The word “copper-bottomed” in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______.
必威体育官网入口A. basic B. reliable
必威体育官网入口C. surprising D. interesting
4. What does the research tell us about feeding a baby on demand?
必威体育官网入口A. The baby will sleep well.
必威体育官网入口B. The baby will have its brain harmed.
C. The baby will have a low blood sugar level.
D. The baby will grow to be wiser by the age of 8.
必威体育官网入口5. The author supports feeding the baby ______.
A. in the night
B. every four hours
C. whenever it wants food
必威体育官网入口D. according to its blood sugar level
中公点拨：由第二段最后一句The baby asks for attention by crying and searching for food with its mouth.(婴儿通过哭闹和用嘴寻找食物来寻求关注。)，可知答案选D。
中公点拨：由第三段第三句I’ve never heard anything so ridiculous (荒谬可笑的)以及本文最后一句I hope this research will put an end to advocating strictly timed baby feeding practices.(我希望这项研究将结束提倡严格定时喂养婴儿的做法)可知C选项正确。
必威体育官网入口中公点拨：根据文章第四段第三句By the age of 8, their IQscores are four to five percent higher than babies fed by a rigid timetable.(到8岁的时候，他们的智商分数比在严格的时间表下喂养的婴儿高4到5个百分点)，可知D选项的表述与之相符。故选D。
中公点拨：由本文的第一句(I have been consistently opposed to feeding a baby regularly)就提出观点“反对定期喂婴儿”，最后一句(I hope this research will put an end to advocating strictly timed baby feeding practices)希望结束主张严格按时喂养的习惯。既然“不定期”，也就是按婴儿需要喂养，故选C。